The vast majority of rural people do not have reliable, secure ways to save money, protect and build assets, or transfer funds. This is particularly true for vulnerable groups, such as women, youth, and displaced people.
Basic formal financial services still reach only 10 per cent of rural communities. Weak infrastructure, the limited capacity of financial service providers, and low levels of client education all contribute to this complex problem.
An engine of rural transformation
IFAD recognizes the vast potential of rural finance to improve the livelihoods of rural people.
Over the past 30 years, the development of financial systems has had an enormous impact on rural livelihoods. Ground-breaking institutions and new instruments have allowed financial services to grow and broaden their reach.
Technology has allowed clients in remote communities to access a wider range of financial products.
But there is still much to be done. In a changing global economy, amidst financial crises, volatile food and agricultural commodity prices, and the perils of climate change, inclusive rural finance remains a crucial element in rural transformation.
Managing risks and leveraging investments
There are many inherent risks affecting smallholder farmers that discourage the private sector from investing.
Financial institutions often perceive small-scale agriculture as being too risky and are reluctant to lend farmers money. An additional challenge is that farmers are reluctant to borrow and invest, because of their difficulty in managing risks such as weather shocks and livestock disease.
IFAD has worked on rural finance systems in more than 70 countries for over four decades, and has invested over US$3 billion in rural finance systems.
IFAD supports the Agricultural Risk Management (ARM) approach that matches supply and demand, and leverages rural financing and investment in smallholder farmers.
IFAD hosts the Platform for Agricultural Risk Management (PARM), a G20 initiative that brings a comprehensive risk management approach and process where risks in agriculture are assessed, prioritized, and tackled in a structured and well-coordinated way.
- rigorous risk assessments; and
- a holistic, demand-driven approach for integrating agricultural risk management into national agricultural policies and investment plans.
The power of microfinance and remittances
IFAD-supported projects increase access to financial services and loans, so that small-scale producers can invest in their businesses and increase their productivity.
As one of the leading microfinance funders worldwide, IFAD's ongoing investments in rural finance at 31 December 2017 was around US$1.14 billion. Approximately 13 per cent of our ongoing investment portfolio is dedicated to rural finance.
Remittances are a powerful instrument for fostering financial inclusion and livelihood development in rural communities. Our multi-donor Financing Facility for Remittances (FFR) aims to maximize the impact of remittances on development, and promotes migrants’ engagement in their countries of origin.
Financing for young farmers in the Republic of Moldova
Inclusive finance is key to ensure food security and transform the rural areas in East and Southern Africa
Burundi to receive a US$24.9 million IFAD grant to enhance financial inclusion services in rural areas
Post offices are key to scaling up remittances and financial inclusion in Uganda
Grant Results Sheet: CABFIN - Enhancing the CABFIN partnership’s delivery of policy guidance, capacity development and global learning to foster financial innovations and inclusive investments for agricultural and rural development
implement more effective interventions aimed at increasing access to rural and agricultural finance.
Research Series Issue 19 - Measuring Women's Empowerment in Agriculture: A Streamlined Approach
The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) can be a useful tool to measure the empowerment, agency and inclusion of women in the agriculture sector. However, computing the WEAI in its current form involves large data requirements, resulting in lengthy surveys with several questions on various dimensions and indicators within each dimension. This paper proposes a reduced version of the WEAI, or the R-WEAI, and examines two possible approaches to reduce the data requirements while ensuring comparability to the full WEAI.
Results Series Issue 18 - Do agricultural support and cash transfer programmes improve nutritional status?
Cash transfer and agricultural support programmes are both used to improve nutrition outcomes in developing countries. This paper examines previous reviews of the impact of these programmes and compares the evidence between the two. The paper finds that, although there are about the same number of programmes of each type, many more papers have been written about the cash transfer programmes than the agricultural programmes. While evidence suggests that both programme types improved the quality of food consumption, the paper concludes that both types show weak evidence of improvements in anthropometric outcomes.