Burkina Faso

IFAD Asset Request Portlet


Burkina Faso


Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 832.35 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 393.95 million

Total IFAD financing


Households impacted

The Context

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country lying between Ghana to the south and Mali to the north, with limited natural resources. The GDP per capita was just US$774.84 in 2019 and its population, estimated at almost 21 million in 2020, is growing at 2.86 per cent a year.

The economy relies heavily on agriculture, which employs about 80 per cent of the workforce, according to the World Bank. Cotton is the main cash crop, while gold exports have gained importance in recent years.

GDP growth in the decade to 2016 averaged 6.82 per cent, but fell to 5.68 per cent in 2019 due to security threats and the outbreak of the COVID-19.

Poverty declined from 47 per cent in 2009 to nearly 40 per cent in 2014, but remains widespread in rural areas. Poverty is more common and more severe among women, who often have limited access to land and decision-making.

Some of the main causes of rural poverty in Burkina Faso include:

  • shortage and poor quality of arable land
  • poor communication and transport networks
  • wide fluctuations in climatic conditions
  • low productivity in a subsistence farming regime.

The Strategy

In Burkina Faso, IFAD loans help build inclusive and sustainable institutions underpinned by pro-poor investments and policies and appropriate innovation and education.  

Key activities include:

  • enhancing and diversifying the livelihoods of rural poor and marginalized groups, especially women, in a sustainable way through inclusive local private-sector development; and
  • enhancing decentralized governance of, and equitable access to, public goods, services and natural resources.

IFAD works with the Government to tackle challenges and develop operational strategies and policies based on best practices, feeding knowledge and ideas into policy development.

By working at various levels, we help the Government create an environment which facilitates efforts by local people to reduce rural poverty.

Country Facts

Burkina Faso relies heavily upon agriculture, which employs close to 80 per cent of the workforce.

Since 1981, IFAD has supported 13 programmes and projects in Burkina Faso totalling US$238.7 million, directly benefiting 506,200 rural households.

Country documents

Related Assets

Burkina Faso Country Strategic Opportunities Programme 2019-2024 Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: West and Central Africa

Country Experts

Projects and Programmes

Projects Browser

PLANNED Under design after concept note approval

APPROVED Approved by the Executive Board or IFAD President

SIGNED Financing agreements signed

ONGOING Under implementation

CLOSED Completed/closed projects

No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found

Related news

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Appel à propositions: Programme mondial pour les petits producteurs agroécologiques et la transformation durable des systèmes alimentaires (GP-SAEP) – Burkina Faso

May 2023 - NEWS
Le Burkina Faso a été sélectionné comme un des pays bénéficiaires pour la mise en œuvre du GP-SAEP en Afrique, en accord avec les bailleurs.

IFAD and GCF scale-up action to improve life for millions of people and restore ecosystems in Africa’s Great Green Wall

January 2021 - NEWS
A new investment programme is planned to support Sahelian governments through a partnership between the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and IFAD in order to boost climate finance for these rural populations.

IFAD joins with partners to build resilience and boost development in the Sahel

December 2020 - NEWS
IFAD is joining with FAO and WFP - as well as the G5 Sahel and the Green Climate Fund to revitalize economic activities and food systems in the Group of Five Sahel countries and in the Republic of Senegal.

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Meet the young entrepreneurs fighting to preserve and restore our biodiversity

March 2023 - STORY
Young people the world over know that conserving our biodiversity is key to eradicating hunger and achieving a healthy and sustainable food system. Here’s how they’re fixing our broken planet.

How smallholder farmers in Madagascar, Burkina Faso and Eswatini endured the coronavirus pandemic

January 2023 - STORY
When covid-19 brought the world to a standstill, IFAD helped farmers’ organizations adopt new ways of operating amid a global pandemic.

Burkina Faso Farmers Working Together for a Better Future

April 2016 - STORY
Smallholder farmers from the Sahelian part of Burkina Faso are becoming increasingly vulnerable to climate change. Rising temperatures are accelerating

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On Air Dialogues – Listening to Rural Africans

November 2022
Farm Radio International’s On Air Dialogues gathered the perspectives and experiences of rural people in Ethiopia and Burkina Faso as they contend with climate change. People responded to poll questions and left voice messages sharing their opinions on and experiences of climate change and what global leaders should do to help them adapt and prosper.

SCOOPS-PR Barakadi/NAFASO Partnership: Setting up a partnership for rice production and commercialization

November 2021
This case study presents the partnership between the Barakadi rice cooperative located in N'Dana in Burkina Faso, accompanied by the IFAD Project to Support the Promotion of Agricultural Sectors (PAFPA), and the NAFASO company, which focuses on production and rice marketing.

On Air Dialogues – Listening to rural people

September 2021
In partnership with six radio stations in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Tanzania, and Uganda, Farm Radio International asked small-scale farmers, vendors, processors, marketers, and others how the food system should be changed to meet their needs and the needs of their communities.

Fostering Inclusive and Sustainable Agricultural Value Chains: The role of climate-resilient infrastructures for SMEs

February 2020
This study reviews evidence on initiatives that invest in climate-resilient infrastructure to support smallholder farmer organizations and agribusinesses in the micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSME) category and, ultimately, to foster inclusive and sustainable agricultural value chains. Case studies from the BRACED and ASAP programmes across sub-Saharan Africa are presented.

Food loss analysis: causes and solutions – Case studies on sorghum, maize and cowpea in Burkina Faso

September 2019
The objective of this study is to estimate the qualitative and quantitative losses along the sorghum, maize and cowpea supply chains, to highlight the critical points of losses and to identify the main causes of the losses.

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Building businesses in Burkina Faso

November 2017 - VIDEO
Rural Solutions is a video series that highlights solutions to specific challenges that are common in rural areas of developing countries. Entrepreneurs in remote, rural areas face numerous obstacles when trying to build their businesses. This episode features a solution to this from Burkina Faso.

Burkina Faso: Waiting for the rain

September 2013 - VIDEO
Weather patterns are becoming more unpredictable in the Sahel region of Burkina Faso. Farmers say the rainy season that once began regularly in June is often delayed and when the rain finally does come the sudden force and volume of water can cause flooding and destroy crops.