Webinar: Pasture in Kyrgyzstan - remote sensing and climate policy
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Webinar: Pasture in Kyrgyzstan – remote sensing and climate policy
13 July 2021
16:00 – 16:30 CEST
Over half of Kyrgyzstan’s total land area serves as pasture for its 1.7 million cattle and 6.3 million sheep and goats. Many pastures are subject to degradation caused by overgrazing and exacerbated by climate change.
This study compared the average pasture conditions between 2000–2004 and 2016–2020 using Landsat-based spectral indices and a digital elevation model. The remote sensing analysis took pasture types, grazing periods, altitudes, and a dataset with field measurements into account.
Results show that pasture conditions at the beginning of the century were better than in the last five years.
Carlos Doménech, Coordinator of the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative
Oliver Mundy, IFAD consultant
Using the maps
The results of this study informed the update of the country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) – its commitments to reducing emissions and adapting to changing climate in line with the Paris Agreement. The livestock sector analysis of the NDC update includes maps and statistics of this study.
The maps can also be used to prioritize areas for pasture rehabilitation and inform pasture management plans, and can feed into greenhouse gas inventories.
The maps were produced by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD CR) initiative, a programme of the European Space Agency (ESA), in partnership with IFAD and German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ).
Valuable insights and data have been provided by the NGO Camp Alatoo, UNIQUE Company, the Kyrgyz State Agency for Land Resources, and the FAO PRAGA project. The IFAD country team and staff of IFAD-funded Livestock Markets Development Programme II have supported this work as well.
Earth Observation for Sustainable Development
This ESA-funded programme aims to promote the usage of Earth observation–derived information in sustainable development. The initiative is organized into seven thematic consortia of companies whose task it is to provide geospatial tools, data and services to international finance institutes, such as IFAD. The “Climate Resilience” cluster of the programme has supported IFAD’s portfolios in Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho and Tajikistan. The cluster holds expertise on geospatial assessments of climate change adaptation and hosts a data platform called ADAM. The collaboration between IFAD and the Climate Resilience cluster of the programme began in summer 2019.
This webinar is organized by the IFAD GeoGroup.